Menu

Texas Independence Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Republic of Texas


West Columbia marker
West Columbia marker

BIRTHPLACE OF TEXAS

Our independent sovereign nation-the Republic of Texas -lasted 10 years, from March 2, 1836 to February 19, 1846. We were, for a time, a self-governing entity, free from both the United States and Mexico (although Mexico would dispute the boundaries). We also claimed a lot more land than we do today in statehood. Our first Congress convened in Columbia with Stephen F. Austin presiding as Secretary of State. Our first capital became Washington-on-the-Brazos and, after several moves, finally landed in Austin by 1839. We adopted the Lone Star Flag during this period. We also had a divided government. One faction was led by Mirabeau B. Lamar who represented the nationalists wishing to continue independence, remove Native Americans by force, and expand our western border all the way to the Pacific Ocean. In opposition, Sam Houston advocated a U.S. annexation of Texas and peace with Native Americans. Houston's statehood advocacy prevailed although only after his two, non-consecutive terms serving as President of the Republic. You can relive those early days by visiting the museums and historic sites at Washington-on-the-Brazos, considered the birthplace of Texas.

Map of Theme

= Site  = City

Upcoming Events

  • February 4, 2020 - 1:00pm to February 5, 2020 - 3:30pm

    Historic Casino Hall
    254 Jefferson Street
    La Grange  Texas  78945
    United States

    Don't miss the 3rd Annual Texian Rally Workshop in downtown La Grange, Texas! Pre-Rally Tours on Tuesday, Feb 4 and the Workshop with amazing speakers from the Great State on Wednesday, Feb 5 in the Historic Casino Hall!


 

Texas State Historical Association logo
Read more about the Republic of Texas in the Handbook of Texas Online.